Don’t get caught up in the terminology and technicalities.
If you want to live in a single-family home built by yourself, as a private developer, and you do not have land, you should look for a plot of land with the status of building plot for the construction of a single-family home.
This way you would be 100% sure of what you could build.
Surely, you have started to look for land and the most repeated word is urban, followed by rustic, urbanisable, rural, and so on.
In Spain, traditionally there always have been three types of land:
If you are actively looking for land in Spain or on the Costa Blanca in particular, it is important that you familiarise yourself with these concepts as they will be of great help in preventing you from acquiring a plot of land that does not meet the necessary requirements to build there and your future expectations are bound to fail.
Before proceeding with the purchase, or even giving a deposit, you must make sure that you can build there. In other words, either there is no legal or administrative obstacle that prevents you from locating a house there, or because it does not meet a condition of a plot destined for residential building.
This information appears in the technical and urban planning documentation of the town councils, given that it is the town hall (along with the approval of the regional authorities) that decide and determine the urban development of a town or city.
Although there can be as many ways of showing a PGOU as there are cities, it is common to encounter the locality in its full extension, beyond the city centre, divided by quadrants.
Acronyms such as VUA (“Vivienda Unifamiliar Aislada” or detached house/ Villa), RU1 (“Residencial Unifamiliar grado 1” or Residential Single Family grade 1), ADO (“Adosado” or semi-detached house), RA1 (“Residencial Abierta grado 1” or Residential Open grade 1) and so on.
There are endless number of concepts that must be checked against the descriptive report or town planning regulations that indicate what your house can be like: what is the minimum plot, the square metres of buildability (buildability coefficient, ceiling), maximum occupation of the plot, façade width, setbacks, floors, maximum height, auxiliary constructions and so on.
PGOUs can be quite old and, on many occasions, over the years, modifications are approved that adapt the plan to the urban and social reality of the cities.
It is therefore essential that when you consult the PGOU you make sure that it is the latest modification of the PGOU.
To give an example, in the specific case of the city of Alicante, the definitive approval of the current PGOU dates back to 1987, and in these 35 years, it has been modified 31 times.
To conclude, it is very likely that the first time you try to find out if a plot of land is suitable for building, you will be disappointed.
You can always request a prepaid town planning report from the technical services of the town hall where the land is located or seek advice from companies specialising in the management and construction of single-family homes.
Such as personalHOME, who will accompany you throughout the process offering you a turnkey service at a fixed price.